UNESCO World Heritage Center adds new heritage sites to its World Heritage List.
“A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties. The sites are judged important to the collective interests of humanity.”
Here is the full list with descriptions, for the nine sites added in 2018. Also briefly covered on BBC and CNN.
Aasivissuit – Nipisat
Inuit Hunting Ground between Ice and Sea (West Greenland / Denmark)
Located inside the Arctic Circle in the central part of West Greenland. The site contains the remains of 4,200 years of human history, large winter houses and evidence of caribou hunting. There are also sites from Paleo-Inuit and Inuit cultures. It bears testimony to the resilience of the human cultures of the region and their traditions of seasonal migration.
It is the largest oasis in the world, located the eastern Arabian Peninsula. It includes gardens, canals, springs, wells, a drainage lake, historical buildings, urban fabric and archaeological sites. They represent traces of continued human settlement in the Gulf region from the Neolithic to the present, as can be seen from remaining historic fortresses, mosques, wells, canals and other water management systems. It also has 2.5 million date palms!
Ancient City of Qalhat
The site is located on the east coast of the Sultanate of Oman. The city developed as a major port on the east coast of Arabia between the 11th and 15th centuries CE, during the reign of the Hormuz princes. Today it bears unique archaeological testimony to the trade links between the east coast of Arabia, East Africa, India, China and South-east Asia.
Hidden Christian Sites in the Nagasaki Region
Located in the north-western part of Kyushu island, there are ten villages, Hara Castle and a cathedral, built between the 16th and 19th centuries. They reflect the earliest activities of Christian missionaries and settlers in Japan. These sites bear unique testimony to a cultural tradition nurtured by hidden Christians in the Nagasaki region who secretly transmitted their faith during the period of prohibition from the 17th to the 19th century.
Sansa, Buddhist Mountain Monasteries
The Sansa are Buddhist mountain monasteries located throughout the southern provinces of the Korean Peninsula. The have common characteristics that are specific to Korea – the “madang” (open courtyard) flanked by four buildings (Buddha Hall, pavilion, lecture hall and dormitory). These mountain monasteries are sacred places, which have survived as living centres of faith and daily religious practice to the present.
Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensembles of Mumbai
Having become a global trading centre, the city of Mumbai implemented an ambitious urban planning project in the second half of the 19th century. It led to the construction of ensembles of public buildings, first in the Victorian Neo-Gothic style and then, in the early 20th century, in the Art Deco style. The Victorian ensemble includes Indian elements suited to the climate, including balconies and verandas. The Art Deco edifices, with their cinemas and residential buildings, blend Indian design with Art Deco imagery.
a – Image from BBC
Thimlich Ohinga Archaeological Site
Situated in the Lake Victoria region, this dry-stone walled settlement was probably built in the 16th century CE. It seems to have served as a fort for communities and livestock, but also defined social entities and relationships linked to lineage. Thimlich Ohinga is the largest and best preserved of these traditional enclosures. It is an exceptional example of the tradition of massive dry-stone walled enclosures, typical of the first pastoral communities in the Lake Victoria Basin, which persisted until the mid-20th century.
Sassanid Archaeological Landscape of Fars Region
Eight archaeological sites situated in three geographical parts in the southeast of Fars Province: Firuzabad, Bishapur and Sarvestan. These fortified structures, palaces, and city plans date back to the earliest and latest times of the Sassanian Empire, which stretched across the region from 224 to 658 CE. Among these sites is the capital built by the founder of the dynasty, Ardashir Papakan, as well as a city and architectural structures of his successor, Shapur I. The archaeologic landscape reflects the optimized utilization of natural topography and bears witness to the influence of Achaemenid and Parthian cultural traditions and of Roman art, which had a significant impact on the architecture and artistic styles of the Islamic era.
Hedeby and the Danevirke
The archaeological site of Hedeby consists of the remains of a trading town – containing traces of roads, buildings, cemeteries and a harbour dating back to the 1st and early 2nd millennia CE. It is enclosed by part of the Danevirke, a line of fortification crossing the Schleswig isthmus, which separates the Jutland Peninsula from the rest of the European mainland. Because of its unique situation between the Frankish Empire of the South and the Danish Kingdom in the North, Hedeby became a trading hub between continental Europe and Scandinavia and between the North Sea and the Baltic Sea. Because of its rich and well preserved archaeological material, it has become a key site for the interpretation of economic, social and historical developments in Europe during the Viking age.
b – Image from dw.com
Images are from UNESCO World Heritage Center, except when marked otherwise.
Text summarized from UNESCO World Heritage Center.